Bowel cancer is also known as colorectal cancer. Bowel cancer is divided into Colon cancer and Rectal cancer. In America, bowel cancer is the third most common cancer and it frequently happens on middle age and agedness, the new cases of bowel cancer were more than 130 thousand and another about 50 thousand died from it each year.
Bowel cancer typically doesn't cause any signs or symptoms in its early stages. As bowel cancer grows, when symptoms do occur, the exact symptoms will vary, depending on the size of the bowel cancer and where it is in the body. Signs and symptoms of bowel cancer may include:
Blood in the stool: There is occult blood or blood in your stool.
Change in bowel habits: Such as significantly increased stool frequency (You may feel there is stools, liquid or gas in your bowel), constipation and diarrhea. These symptoms lasts longer more than 30 days.
Abdominal distension and abdominal pain.
Loss of weight, fatigue or weakness
Your red blood cells lower than normal levels
If you have these symptoms, you should be in time to the hospital for check ups
There's no identifiable cause of bowel cancer, But we know the main risk factors are associated with bowel cancer. The most common causes are:
Age: The incidence of bowel cancer increases with your age, more than 90 per cent of patients with bowel cancers are diagnosed in people over the age of 50.
Smoking: People who smoke for a long time have a greater risk of bowel cancer than nonsmokers do
Obese: Obese people have an increased risk of bowel cancer than normal-weight people .
Diabetes: Diabetic have an increased risk of developing bowel cancer.
Excessive drinking: Excessive drinking may increase your risk of developing bowel cancer.
High fat and low dietary fiber food: High fat and low dietary fiber food are the main factors linked to the development of bowel cancer. If you eating too much fat and don't eat enough dietary fiber in diet, which is commonly supposed to cause bowel cancer.
Diabetes: Diabetes may increase your risk of developing thyroid cancer.
Sitting still: Those who spend a lot of time sitting at a desk have an increased risk of bowel cancer. Such as white-collar workers, IT workers.
Previous cancer treatment: Radiation therapy to abdomen, this may increases your risk of bowel cancer.
Have a family history of bowel cancer: if your parents, brothers, sisters, children was suffering from bowel cancer, which can increase the risk factor of bowel cancer. Family history can increase the risk factor of bowel cancer
Intestinal diseases: Such as
already suffering from bowel cancer, chronic enteritis, intestinal ulcer,Intestinal polyp
and so on, this may have a greater risk of developing bowel cancer.
Maintain a healthy weight and develop a healthy lifestyle
Eat more vegetables and fruits and less meat and greasy food.
Give up smoking and drinking
Exercise regularly: Exercise regularly can reduce your risk of bowel cancer.
Aspirin: Reduce your risk of bowel cancer by taking aspirin everyday, but aspirin also has side effects, recommendations to follow your doctor's advice.
Vitamin D: Vitamin D can increase your risk of developing bowel cancer, The sun's rays can triggers the production of vitamin D in our body, so 20 to 30 minute outdoors every day should be enough, don't get sunburnt.
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