In the United States, kidney cancer (renal cancer) accounts for about 3% to 5% of malignant tumors. There are over 60, 000 newly increasing patients of kidney cancer and about 10,000 patients died of kidney cancer every year. Male are more than female (2:1), aged from 50 to 75 are more.
Many people don't have any obvious symptoms of kidney cancer in its early stages until the cancer has become quite advanced. Signs and symptoms of kidney cancer in advanced stages may include:
Blood Urine: There is blood in the urine
is the most common symptom of kidney cancer. The color of the urine may be red, pink or purple.
Low back pain: A pain in your low back on left side or right side.
Paraneoplastic syndrome: About 10% to 40% of patients have symptoms of high blood pressure, anemia, fatigue, intermittent fever, anorexia, weight loss and so on.
Bone pain, cough, hemoptysis: About 20% to 30% of patients have the symptoms
A small number of patients have a lump in the abdomen
Although the precise causes of kidney cancer are unclear, But in some cases, the cause is known. For example, Family history, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure may cause kidney cancer.
Age: The incidence of kidney cancer increases with you age, kidney cancer occurs most often in people aged 50 years and over.
Smoking: The risk of developing kidney cancer increases with the number of cigarettes smoked.
Obesity: Obese people have an increased risk of developing kidney cancer.
Previous cancer treatment: Radiation therapy for testicular cancer or uterine cancer, which may increases risk of developing kidney cancer.
High blood pressure: People with high blood pressure are more likely to get kidney cancer than people who have normal blood pressure.
Patients with C hepatitis
Patients with severe renal disease requiring renal dialysis
Have a family genetic history.
Although you cannot control some risk factors that may increase your risk of developing kidney cancer (such as heredity, grow old), but you can make personal choices that lower your risk of kidney cancer.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Quit smoking and drinking.
Eat more vegetables and fruits and less meat.
Maintain normal blood pressure
Avoid exposure to chemical carcinogen, such as lead compounds, etc.
Attention should be payed to the treatment of kidney disease, C hepatitis and other diseases.
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