Leukemia starts in the white blood cells in the bone marrow. Leukemia accounted for about 4% of the total incidence of tumor, it is the most common malignant tumor in children and young adults. There is higher incidence of leukemia in Europe and North America
than in Asia and South America.
The exact symptoms of Leukemia will vary, depending on type of leukemia and exasperate degree. The main symptom of leukemia is:
Early symptoms: include poor appetite, weight loss, muscular weakness and chronic fatigue.
Fever: Fever is one of the most common symptoms of leukemia. The fever is mainly caused by the infection, including angina, stomatitis, perianal infection and os on.
Bleeding: Nasal bleeding, Gingival bleeding, Skin bleeding.
Frequent infection: Because most of the white blood cells become cancer cells, which leads to the loss of normal function, decreased immunity, so patients are susceptible to infection.
Bone pain and joint pain
Lymph node enlargement, Liver and spleen became swelling
Sweating too much, especially at night
It's not clear what causes most cases of leukemia, but Doctors know that many things are linked to leukemia. The viruses may be the main factor. Things that are linked to leukemia include:
Virus infections: Such as Type RNA C tumor virus can cause gene mutation and its abnormal expression, this can cause Adult T cell leukemia.
Having a family history of Leukemia: Leukemia patients with family history of leukemia accounted for about 8 to 10%. If your parents or grandparents have leukemia, which may increase your risk of developing leukemia.
Long-term exposure to radiation: Ionizing radiation and radioactive material
(such as Cobalt-60) may cause leukemia.
Long-term exposure to chemicals: Some chemicals have an increased risk of leukemia. These substances include: Benzene and Its Derivatives, Nitrosamines, Phenylbutazone and its derivatives, Chloromycetin, etc.
Previous cancer treatment: Some antitumor drugs, such as nitrogen mustard, cyclophosphamide, methyl benzyl hydrazine, VP16, VM26 and so on have increased risk of leukemia. In addition, radiation therapy can also increase the risk of leukemia.
Avoid excessive exposure to X rays and other harmful radiation. For those engaged in radiation work, must do a good job of personal protective.
Prevent infection: Such as Type RNA C Tumor Virus.
Should be cautious when taking certain drug, such as chloramphenicol, phenylbutazone, certain antiviral drugs, some antitumor drugs and immunosuppressive agents.
Avoid exposure to Carcinogenic substance and do a good job in occupational protection and monitoring.
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