In the United States, thyroid cancer is the fifth most common cancer in women, thyroid cancer accounts for about 6% of female cancer. The incidence rate of female is much higher than that of male, and the peak age is 20 to 50 years old. An estimated 60,000 new cases are found every year. Thyroid Cancer shows a low mortality and a relatively high recurrence rate.
Thyroid Cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages. Once the thyroid cancer begins to grow, the symptoms can become more obvious. The signs or symptoms of thyroid cancer may include:
Lump: There is a lump on your neck.
Hoarse voice: You have a hoarse voice performance that has been going on for weeks.
Have difficulty swallowing or breathing.
The pain is mostly in the front of your neck, ears, or shoulder
Enlarged lymph nodes in your neck.
If you have these symptoms, you should be in time to the hospital for check ups
We don’t know the cause of thyroid cancer, but some factors are associated with thyroid cancer.
Women: The incidence of thyroid cancer is about 3 to 4 times more common in women than in men.
Long-term exposure to radiation: Radiation therapy for head and neck, nuclear radiation
, these factors may increase the risk of thyroid cancer.
Obese: Research shows that being obese increased the risk of developing Thyroid Cancer
Genetic genes: People who carry certain abnormal gene have a higher risk of thyroid cancer.
Have a family history of thyroid cancer
Thyroid disease: Include thyroiditis, goitre and adenomas may increases your risk of thyroid cancer.
Diabetes: Diabetes may increase your risk of developing thyroid cancer.
Acromegaly: Acromegaly have a greater risk of thyroid cancer than normal people.
For people with a high risks of thyroid cancer, it cannot be prevented, but you can change life style that lower your risk of thyroid cancer.
Maintain a healthy weight and develop a healthy lifestyle
Preventing iodine deficiency
Eat more vegetables and fruits and less meat.
Avoid exposure to nuclear radiation:
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