Maybe some diabetic patients have noticed that as the weather changes, their disease conditions are changing, too. However, very few diabetes patients know exactly how it has happened. Now we will explain the relationship between diabetes and weather to you.
There are many diabetes patients asking why their disease conditions aggravate when the weather gets cold and why they catch such a bad cold when they do not pay enough attention. Under normal circumstances, diabetes patients’ blood sugar levels in seasons of low temperature are higher than those in seasons of high temperature. Therefore, the blood sugar level in winter is higher than that in spring and autumn, while the blood sugar level in summer is the lowest in the year. As a result, diabetes is most likely to aggravate in cold seasons. The reason for this is that coldness will stimulate the sympathetic nerves to get excited and cause increased secretions of catecholamines within bodies, which leading to elevated blood sugar levels, platelet aggregation and thrombosis forms. In addition, cold season can cause elevated blood pressure and arterial spasm, thereby inducing angina.
Human bodies need a process to adapt to the temperature. If the temperature drops slowly, no problems will occur. But when it suddenly gets cold, it is difficult for people to adapt to this change. When the cold wave attacks every year, adverse physiological reactions will occur in many diabetes patients, especially elderly patients with diabetes, such as significantly elevated blood sugar levels and blood pressure, and other complications. Therefore, diabetes patients should pay more attention to keeping the chill at bay.
In addition, diabetes patients’ bodies lack insulin, and when their bodies cannot produce enough heat to tolerate the coldness, coupled with their low immunity due to diabetes, it is easy for them to catch a cold and other diseases when the temperature drops. Relapse will occur in severe cases, even inducing diabetic ketoacidosis. Cold weather leads to vasoconstriction, and slow blood circulation can result in cardiovascular diseases.
Therefore, we recommend that diabetes patients stay at home as much as possible when the cold wave strikes and the temperature drops sharply. If they want to go out, they must do a good job in keeping them warm and wear more clothes so as to reduce the harm of coldness to their bodies. Secondly, they can do some physical exercises indoors, which can enhance their body fitness and improve their immunity. Of course, for diabetes patients with poorly controlled blood sugar levels, they can also adjust the hypoglycemic drugs with the help of doctors so as to stabilize their disease.
Do not forget to do physical exercises in winter. Good physical exercises are of great help to enhance physical fitness, improve immunity and lower blood sugar. It is recommended that diabetes patients do outdoor exercises in late autumn so that they can adapt to the gradual decrease in temperatures and pull through the winter safely.
It is recommended that diabetes patients who are physically and financially able can preserve their health like migratory birds. That is to say, they go to live in warm south to spend winter, and return to north when the temperatures rise again in spring.
Summer is a season for the frequent occurrence of diabetic acute complications. There are often diabetes patients in coma due to diabetic ketoacidosis, and most of them do not know that they have diabetes. Since it is very hot and fruits like watermelons are sweet and can quench their thirst, they eat a lot, causing their already high blood sugar levels to rise again unconsciously. And therefore, they have diabetic ketoacidosis.
In addition, diabetes patients had better not walk barefoot in summer. They should pay attention to whether there are foreign bodies in their shoes and remember to wear white socks, so that foot injuries or bleeding can easily be found.
It is hot, sometimes rainy and sometimes very hot and stuffy in summer, which is likely to affect diabetes patients’ diet and sleep, as well as their blood sugar control. Patients with diabetes should also pay attention to drinking more water, and carry water when they go out. There are more sweats in summer, and water in bodies will reduce, which will increase the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Besides, diabetes patients should pay attention to preserving drugs when the room temperature is too high. For example, the unused insulin should be stored in the refrigerator so as to avoid deterioration that leads to ineffectiveness.
Spring and autumn are seasons for frequent occurrence of diabetic skin diseases, and thus diabetes patients should pay attention to skin hygiene and maintenance.
So to speak, diabetes patients should be cautious and vigilant throughout the year and pay attention to weather changes and seasonal changes. They should monitor their blood sugar levels, thereby adjusting their treatment regimens timely and better controlling their blood sugar levels.
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