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Diabetic Exchange Diet: Eat and drink what you want!

Diabetic exchange diet will help to control your daily the amount of caloric intake, weight and blood glucose level.

What is diabetic exchange diet?
The so-called diabetic exchange diet is a concept in nutrition, the diabetic exchange diet is a list of serving sizes of foods, which allows you to eat what you want to eat every day. The diabetic exchange diet divides these foods into 6 groups (Bread-Starch, Meat, Fruit, Vegetable, Milk, Fat groups). You need to eat the same number of servings from 6 specific groups every day to control your blood sugar level.

Diabetic Exchange Food Six Groups
Why divide the food into six groups?
According to the vary in food's carbohydrate, calorie, protein and fat content to divide the foods into six groups. Each exchange food group contains foods that are similar or the same kind of food. Each food choice in a group contains about the same amount of calories carbohydrate, protein and fat as the other choices on that group, while their weights and food size can be varied, for example each food in fruit group contains about 60 calories and 15 grams of carbohydrate. Food in the same group may be exchanged to other kinds of food.

The following table shows the amounts of calories carbohydrate, protein and fat in one serving from each exchange group. You should measure and weigh each kind of food carefully.

Diabetic Exchange Food Six Groups

Online Diabetic Exchange Diet Calculator

Starches exchange servings: 5-15

Meat exchange servings: 5-10

Fruit exchange servings: 4-6

Vegetables exchange servings: 4-6

Fats exchange servings: 3-5

Milk exchange servings: 2-4

Total calorie: 0 cals

Tip: We recommend that 45% to 55% of diabetic daily calories comes from carbohydrates;10% to 25% comes from protein; 20% to 35% of calories comes from fat.

Breads and Starches Group (Include corn, rice,.etc)
Each food exchange serving in the group contains: Calories: 80 cals, Carbohydrate: 15g, Protein: 2g, Fat: trace. Most diabetic need 5 to 15 servings everday.

Meat Group
These foods do not contain carbohydrates, one exchange serving is equal to any one of the following serving, each exchange serving below has about  80 cals, 7 grams of protein and 5 grams of fat. Most diabetic need 5 to 10 servings everday.

Fruit Group
Each food exchange serving in the group contains: Calories: 60 cals,Carbohydrate: 15g. Most diabetic need 4 to 6 servings everday.

Vegetables Group
Each food exchange serving in the group contains: Calories: 25 cals, Carbohydrate: 5g. Protein: 2g. dietary fiber: 2 to 3g. Most diabetic need 4 to 6 servings everday. One vegetable exchange is equal to 1 cup of raw vegetables or 1/2 cup of cooked vegetables.

Fats Group
Each food exchange serving in the group contains: Calories: 45 cals and fat: 5g. Most diabetic need 3 to 5 servings everday.

Milk Group
Each food exchange serving in the group contains: Calories: 120 cals and Carbohydrate: 12g. Most diabetic need 2 to 4 servings everday.

See also:
How Many Calories Do Diabetics Required?
How to Make a Diabetes Meal Plan a day?
The knack to lower Glycemic Index

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