To prevent low blood glucose, diet should be coordinated with insulin injection. Generally, premixed insulin is used for type II diabetes, and food should be taken within half an hour after insulin injection. If ultra-short acting insulin is injected, food should be taken within 5-10 minutes, no later than 15 minutes. It should be noted that, the blood circulation is increased and food absorption is accelerated after exercises, and it is easy to cause low blood glucose. Therefore it is suggested that exercises should be taken at 1 hour after meal, less insulin 2-4U can be injected before meal, or diet can be increased a little before exercises.
As for diabetes patients who take insulin injection or oral hypoglycemic medicines, 3 additional meals should be added to three normal meals (breakfast, lunch and supper). The additional meals can be 9-10 a.m., 3-4 p.m. and 1 hour before sleeping. If physical work is increased, additional meal should be added before the beginning of physical work. Generally, in every additional meal, the main food is around 25 grams. Besides, two things should be noted:
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