Diabetes affects digestive system in many ways and has mutual effect with diabetic digestive system disease, which must be treated at the same time. Diabetics always have symptoms like weakened peristalsis and prolonged emptying time in their esophagus, intestines and stomach, even gastroparesis, which can cause nausea, after-meal epigastric pain, and vomiting. Due to absorption malfunction, diabetics’ blood glucose level is always hard to control, causing repeated outbreak of both hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). Many diabetics complain they have irregular bowl movement, mostly constipation, sometimes diarrhea or both, leaving them many troubles and no solutions. Pancreas can also be affected, as diabetics are more likely to catch pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer than ordinary people, while both acute and chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer can induce diabetes. The same goes to the mutual effect between diabetes and hepatobiliary system.
Treating digestive system disease has the same principles as treating other diabetic chronic complications, which also includes condition control of diabetes, treatment of diabetic neurovascular disease and operative treatments when necessary. What’s worth noting is that digestive system disease could affect diabetics’ digestive and absorptive functions, causing malnutrition, thus extra supplement of vitamins and other nutritional composition is necessary.
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