Most diabetes patients know about the importance of blood glucose measurement, but feel quite fearful of finger pinprick several times a day and the cost of test paper. Reasonable blood glucose monitoring is key, but how often should blood glucose be measured? This can only be determined by his diabetes type and situations.
Diabetics who treated by injecting insulin
The diabetics adopting insulin to reduce blood glucose should have blood glucose measured at least once a day and one to four times a day for the diabetes patients with large amount of insulin.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is the so-called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The diabetes patients of this type can only depend on insulin injection to control blood glucose for his body cannot secrete insulin, and he has to measure blood glucose at least three times a day, and increase the times with illness or before strenuous exercise.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes are classified into two types, one type has relatively stable blood glucose control, and the other has worse and unstable blood glucose control. For the first mentioned of two, there is no need of daily measurement, but a one (or two）-day -measurement a week if treatment is insisted and the measurement times within the day are determined by the diabetes patient himself. The diabetes patient with unstable blood glucose has to measure it every day, with times determined by his doctor.
Fever, acute gastroenteritis
if diabetes patients have a fever, acute gastroenteritis and other acute diseases, blood glucose has to be measured every day, with times determined by disease situation.
After adjusting medication
Some diabetes patients hope to change dosage or medicine, so it’s a must to monitor the effects of the dosage and medicine. Under this circumstances, blood glucose is not so stable as usual, and it’s not clear that the usual dosage whether cause hypoglycemia and excessively high blood glucose or not, so the measurement times increase up to 4 to 8 times a day, and measured respectively at fasting blood glucose, two hours later after breakfast, before lunch, two hours later after lunch, before dinner, two hours later after dinner, before sleeping and at midnight.
After a period time of monitoring, if blood glucose can adapt to the adjusted medicine and dosage, measurement times can be reduced to one to two days a week (at fasting blood glucose and two hours later after three meals within a day).
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