A correct understanding of diabetes is conducive to the prevention and treatment of diabetes. Here are some myths and misconceptions about diabetes, which I hope can attract your attention.
Myth 1: High blood sugar means diabetes.
Many people have the misconception that high blood sugar means diabetes. In fact, diabetes is the primary reason for high blood sugar. For example, you are probably a diabetic if your fasting blood glucose level is equal to or higher than 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L), or your 2-hour postprandial blood glucose level is equal to or higher than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L). But there are some other reasons for high blood sugar. Normally, your blood sugar level will often change and rise especially after a meal. But it will naturally decline about 1 hour after the meal as the insulin produced in the pancreas promotes the absorption and consumption of glucose, and will basically return to the normal blood sugar level 2 hours after the meal. If your blood sugar level is repeatedly high, you are probably a diabetic, but still a test is needed. Don't relax your vigilance.
Other reasons for high blood sugar:
1. Hepatitis or Liver cirrhosis
2. Hyperthyroidism, Acromegalia.
3. Acute infection, fire burn, Scald.
4. Diuretics, Aspirin, Oral contraceptives.
Myth 2: Eating too much sugar will cause diabetes.
Diabetes is not directly related to eating too much sugar. Eating too much sugar won't necessary cause diabetes, and eating less sugar won't necessary prevent you from diabetes. Genes, obesity, lack of exercise, high-calorie and high-fat diet, etc. are the main causes of diabetes. If you have a family member with diabetes, you should be sure to properly control the intake of sweets while avoiding obesity.
Myth 3: Good control of blood sugar will protect you from diabetic complications.
The blood sugar level is a measure of whether you have diabetes, but a normal blood sugar level does not mean everything is right because it's possible to develop diabetic complications even with a normal blood sugar level. So, apart from controlling their blood sugar level, diabetic patients should also pay attention to whether their blood pressure, blood fat and blood viscosity levels are normal as they often affect the control of a diabetic condition. Don't let down your guard as effectively controlling diabetes is a difficult task.
Myth 4: You won't have diabetes if you don't have excessive eating, drinking and urinating symptoms.
Although excessive eating, excessive drinking and excessive urinating are typical symptoms of diabetes, but most of the type 2 diabetic patients don't have these symptoms in the early stage. So we suggest should middle-aged people over 40 should regularly take a blood sugar test at hospital and retake a more comprehensive examination as soon as possible if the test results are not normal.
Myth 5: Diabetic patients should eat as little as possible.
A lot of people think that eating less can relieve the symptoms of diabetes because the food will be converted into sugar through the action of salivary amylase. In fact, this view is one-sided and unscientific. Only with a balanced diet that contains cereals, vegetables, fruits and meat can diabetic patients have the ability to fight diabetes and control the blood sugar level. So rather than eating less, diabetic patients should have a scientific, balanced diet to properly control their blood sugar level.
Myth 6: Diabetic patients cannot eat fruit or sugar.
Diabetic patients can eat fruit, but the choice of fruit is important. The fruit is sweet because it contains sugar, so many people think that diabetic patients cannot eat fruit. But in fact, some fruits cannot only be eaten by diabetic patients, but will help them control the blood sugar level. The fruit is rich in vitamins, dietary fiber and minerals, which are nutrient elements indispensable to human body. In addition, although the fruit contains sugar, different types of sugar vary widely in their impact on the rise of blood sugar. Among them, fructose will result in the lowest rise of blood sugar while glucose the fastest rise of blood sugar. Diabetic patients may eat some amount of fruits like apples, pears, strawberries and pomelos, and avoid fruits like pineapples, mangoes and bananas, which if they do want to eat, they may eat a small amount of them together with low-sugar fruits. So, diabetic patients can eat sugar, but they need to control its intake.
Myth 7: You shouldn't inject insulin because you can easily get addicted to it.
Unlike drugs, insulin does not produce dependence. The side effects of insulin are minimal compared with oral hypoglycemic agents. In addition, study shows that early use of insulin helps to reduce the burden on pancreatic islets, allows them to fully rest, and facilitates with their recovery.
Myth 8: You can stop using hypoglycemic agents if you feel good.
Drug therapy is one of the main methods for the treatment of diabetes. If patients stop using medications without permission, their blood sugar level will rise again quickly. Especially at the middle or late stage of diabetes, if the diabetic patient's blood sugar level is not properly controlled, stopping using medications without permission will cause greater harm to the body than the medications. As long-term medication or injections in the treatment of diabetic patients at the middle or late stage is inevitable, they cannot determine whether they can stop using medications based on their feelings. If they want to reduce the use of medications, they should consult a doctor, take a test and actively receive the diet therapy and exercise therapy to avoid the occurrence of complications.
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