Diabetic nephropathy (Diabetic kidney disease) is one of the most serious microvascular complications of diabetes. Kidney failure patients caused by diabetic nephropathy are 17 times that of non-diabetes, and diabetic nephropathy is one of the main causes of diabetes patients death (especially diabetes mellitus type1).
Diabetic nephropathy (Diabetic kidney disease) is a growing development process. Once it has obvious clinical manifestations, it is hardly to be cured. Therefore, the most important cure treatment for diabetic nephropathy is to conduct preventive measures to avoid the occurrence and development of renal lesion.
Measures to avoid diabetic nephropathy should be taken as follows:
To control blood glucose level
For diabetes patients of type 1 and type 2, the controlled blood glucose level plays an important role in the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy and fundus lesions. Good blood glucose control can halve the occurrence ratio of type 1 diabetic nephropathy, and reduce that of type 2 diabetic nephropathy by 1/3. If the patient has been at the early stage of nephropathy, insulin treatment should be actively encouraged to control the disease and leave alone kidney functions.
To control blood pressure level
Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a most important cause to worsen diabetic nephropathy, so one should eat lightly to reduce sodium intake. The diabetes patients with high blood pressure should persistently take hypotensive drugs to maintain a normal level. Moreover, smoking does great harm to diabetic nephropathy, so please do not smoke for the sake of your kidney.
The patient is suggested to have his kidney checked every half a year or a year for early detection and timely treatment. Since there are not a lot of treatments for middle-stage and end-stage diabetic nephropathy, it is hardly to be cured once confirmed to be end-stage kidney disease.
To get rid of drugs harmful to kidney
Some diabetes patients have excessive treatment and drugs, which have to be discharged through kidney, causing too many burdens to kidney and increasing the risk of having nephropathy.
To avoid urinary infection
Frequent urinary infection occurrence probably accelerates the development of diabetic nephropathy.
To moderately restrict protein intake
The patients of diabetic nephropathy loses abundant protein through urinating every day, so it is a necessity to moderately supplement protein, especially high-quality animal protein (such as milk, fish, eggs, lean meat). However, too much protein intake at end-stage diabetic nephropathy will increase protein metabolite in blood, bringing harm to the diabetes patients, so the patient with end-stage diabetic nephropathy must moderately restrict protein intake (especially vegetable protein of relatively low quality).
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