The following several points should be remembered in order to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis.
Adhere to the use of insulin
For patients with type 1 diabetes, they should inject insulin on time. They cannot discontinue the injection insulin, nor can they reduce the dose of insulin at random.
For patients with type 2 diabetes, they cannot interrupt the effective treatment arbitrarily and change drugs frequently. When a serious infection, heart attack or a major mental blow occurs, doctors may suggest that you use insulin temporarily, at which time you have to follow the doctor’s advice seriously.
Drink more water
People with diabetes should develop the habit of drinking more water. If the symptoms of diabetes worsen, or if unexplained weight loss, nausea and vomiting, etc. occur, people with diabetes should have their blood glucose examined in time. If it is difficult for them to figure out whether they suffer from hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and can not examine their blood glucose and ketone bodies, people with diabetes can try to drink a little sugar water, and they should go to hospital immediately if their symptoms are not improved. If the level of blood glucose exceeds 270 mg/dL (15mmol/L), they must have their urine ketone bodies examined. If urine acetone bodies are positive, people with diabetes can firstly drink 500 to 1000 ml of water (about two large cups). If urine acetone bodies are strongly positive or persistently positive, they must go to hospital for further examinations.
Adhere to examinations
When people with diabetes suffer from serious heart attacks or severe infection, ketonuria should be examined at least twice a day. Remember that when diabetes worsens or other stress conditions (such as fever and vomiting) occur, people with diabetes must strengthen monitoring of blood sugar, urine glucose, urine output and ketone. People with diabetes should strengthen the contact with medical personnel and seek guidance and help from professional doctors. The clinical manifestations of ketoacidosis in elderly diabetic patients may not be obvious, and therefore, once people with diabetes do not feel the same as usual, they should be alert and go to hospital for examinations in time.
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