Take a certain amount of food regularly
People with diabetes should maintain a regular meal time regardless of changes in seasons or the weather. In cases in which people with diabetes need to wait for people and delay eating, they can eat some fruits and biscuits. In addition, people with diabetes should determine the total amount of diet calories according to different seasons and different amount of exercise, and try not to exceed nor be less than the total daily calories.
The amount of daily exercise should be basically stable.
Exercises can lower the blood glucose, while neither patients’ bodies nor their blood glucose can stand or adapt to the sharp fluctuations in the amount of exercises and irregular exercises. If physical activities increase, people with diabetes need to eat food appropriately before the exercises, and if exercises are reduced or canceled, diets should be reduced accordingly. Exercises under the fasting state should be avoided.
Do not change your hypoglycemic agents arbitrarily
People with diabetes can not decide on the type or dose regardless of oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin. If patients take medicine normally but their blood glucose still fluctuate, they can inform doctors so that doctors will adjust the treatment regimen. Increasing the dose or dressing arbitrarily can lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) easily.
Patients with poorly controlled blood glucose should monitor their blood glucose before going to sleep and in the morning
Diabetic patients with newly diagnosed diabetes or with sharp blood glucose fluctuations had better monitor their blood glucose before going to sleep and in the morning to prevent hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) during their sleep.
Some diabetic patients do not have well-balanced diets, and their intake of carbohydrates is too single, leading to a sudden decrease in blood glucose 1-2 hours after meals and large fluctuations in blood glucose. Therefore, patients with diabetes should have a balanced diet.
When sleeping at night
Many diabetic patients will suffer from hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) at midnight, and if their blood glucose value is below 115 mg/dl (6.4 mmol/L) before going to bed, they had better drink a glass of milk so as to prevent excessive energy consumption at night.
Piabetic patients should carry sugar cubes or sugar-containing food, and once the symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) occur, they can take them immediately.
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