Controlling diet, keeping exercising, taking hypoglycemic agents or injecting insulin on time, and checking blood sugar at any time, these things sound not really what you would like to do. However, treat your diabetes seriously according to the treatment program is the best method to prevent a series of terrible complications.
If you don’t take care of yourself, complications of diabetes will generally appear within 5 years, and most of the diabetes patients will face various health issues in 10-15 years.
Maybe after taking a look at these complications below, you will have motivation to treat your diabetes seriously.
Increased cholesterol and blood pressure
As in type I diabetic patients, their bodies cannot produce insulin to regulate blood sugar; and in type II diabetic patients, their bodies cannot make full use of produced insulin. Instead, good cholesterol (HDL cholesterol) will decrease, and triglycerides will increase. Insulin resistance can lead to arteriosclerosis and arterial narrowing, causing the increasing of blood pressure. About 70% of diabetes patients accompanied by hypertension (high blood pressure), which is a risk factor of stroke and heart disease, as well as cause effect on thinking and memory.
If blood pressure and cholesterol is not well controlled, the risks of other complications will be increased.
Vision loss or even blindness
Many diabetic patients have a certain degree of retinopathy. High blood sugar can damage delicate blood vessels of eyeballs.
There is no obvious symptom in the early stage. The only thing is that the further the object is, the darker the version is. A research for type II diabetes illustrated that, if glycated hemoglobin increases by 1 percent, the risk of deterioration of eye diseases will increase by one third.
As the time goes, glomerular, which plays effect on blood filtration in the kidneys, will be cirrhosis with the impact of high blood sugar.
Among those diabetic patients who didn’t stick to the plan to manage their diabetes, about half of them will get renal damage continuously in 10 years, and 40% of them will have kidney failure in the end.
When diabetes is diagnosed, about 7.5% of the diabetes patients already have nerve lesions or nerve injuries. Finally, around half type I and type II diabetic patients will have deterioration of nerve diseases. In the beginning, your limbs may have no symptoms at all, or just feel a slight tingling or numbness. But in the end, nerve lesions cause the loss of capacity of nerve controlling gastrointestinal tract, thereby induce pain, faintness and digestion problems.
Lose one foot
Nerves in brain and lower limbs get damaged and deterioration, muscle is relaxed, shapes of feet are changed, causing thumb valgus, flat feet and other deformities. A small stone in the shoe may cause the injury of your foot, while nerve numbness may be overlooked easily, and poor blood circulation makes the healing speed slower. Finally, the result could be the amputation.
Easy to get heart-related diseases
High blood sugar cannot only raise your blood pressure and bad cholesterol (LDL cholesterol), but also damage your veins, arteries and heart muscles directly. Diabetic patients have double risk of getting heart attack, and have four times risks of getting stroke by comparing to normal people. Heart attack is the No. 1 killer of diabetic patients. Except for its lethal effect, stroke can cause paralysis and other severe disability.
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