Diet for high blood pressure and High cholesterol: Cholesterol and fat intake should be controlled
high blood pressure (hypertension) and kidney disease are closely related. Without effective control, renal diseases may cause high blood pressure; conversely, poorly controlled blood pressure can result in renal damage. High blood pressure and kidney disease patient’s diet should be designed reasonably mainly to protect renal function and prevent renal dysfunction, reduce the burden of kidney, and improve the quality of patients' life.
Calorie restriction should not be too strict. In order to limit protein intake from diet, adequate caloric intake is necessary, which can protect protein from excessive oxidation for providing energy. Therefore, adequate caloric intake facilitates limited protein intake to be used for more important functions.
The amount of calories provided by fat does not exceed 30% of the total calories, which is equivalent to the fat intake of normal persons. Meanwhile, the type of fat intakes should be paid attention to, and excessive saturated fat intake should be avoided, you should eat more mono-unsaturated fatty acids.
Due to restricted protein intake and discouraged excessive fat intake, saccharide intake should be slightly higher than the amount of normal people, which generally accounts for 60% or more of the total calories.
Protein is a nutrient that needs to be restricted, but inadequate protein intake may lead to a lot of nutritional problems in patients with high blood pressure and kidney disease, therefore, low protein diet should be strictly controlled.
You should pay attention to complement of minerals and vitamins.
It is very important to maintain water-electrolyte balance, correction of acidosis.
Low-protein foods should be eaten appropriately, with protein with high bioavailability (such as fish, milk, eggs) selected (generally 30 -50 grams per day). Specific protein intake should be guided by renal function indexes.
If your blood potassium level is too high, try to cut back on foods containing too much potassium. The potassium widely existed in the green vegetables, fruits and meat.
Often eat foods rich in vitamin B, vitamin C and vitamin D.
Excessive water intake should be avoided. Hypouresis may cause water accumulation in the body, increasing the load of the heart and blood vessels, which is not conducive to the control of high blood pressure (hypertension).
Don't drink too much. Alcohol intake should be limited to 40 to 80 milliliter (ml.) a week. (About 500 ml of wine, 1200 ml of beer, 100 ml of hard liquor.
Best foods for high blood pressure and kidney disease
Foods that you can eat in moderation
Foods that you cannot eat or eat less
Diet for high blood pressure and stroke: High potassium diet can prevent stroke
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