Diet for high blood pressure in teens: To control calorie intake, lose weight
Currently high blood pressure (hypertension) in children has a low awareness rate and no enough attention is paid to it, which is because children can not describe their symptoms, parents do not pay enough attention and most parents do not realize the harm of hypertension in children. Patients do not show significant subjective symptoms in the early stage, and when their blood pressure rises significantly, children will present with such symptoms as dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. Infants often cry, get agitated, over-excited, irritable and cry at night, etc., and some children even show no weight gain and stagnant development.
Calorie intake in children should not be too high, reduce the total quantity of fat and cholesterol intake, keep standard weight.
Select a high vitamin, the right amount of protein, low sodium, low fat and low cholesterol diet.
For high blood pressure in children, sodium intake should be strictly controlled, the daily salt intake should not exceed 2 to 2.5 grams (about 800 to 1000 milligrams of sodium), including seasoning and salt from snacks.
Increase the intake of calcium and magnesium. The intake of calcium should be 800 to 1500 mg per day. When receiving diuretics, magnesium should be supplemented, which should be at 3.6 mg per pound of body weight per day, or 8 mg per kilogram of body weight per day.
Enough protein intake must be guaranteed, especially that of high-quality protein.
When receiving treatment, patients should avoid the consumption of high-tyramine foods during medication if they need to receive monoamine oxidase inhibitor. High Tyramine foods: Such as lentils, mushrooms, fish meat, yogurt, cheese, raisins, banana, etc.
High blood pressure endangers children's health severely, and high blood pressure in children should be found early and the causes should be detected for early treatment, which is of vital importance for their whole life. A reasonable diet can help your children maintain a healthy weight and prevent obesity, eat more vegetables and fruit, limits on snacking, eat less hamburgers, french fries, fried chicken, soda, etc. They should do more exercises so as to control their weight and not be fat. Besides, they should not indulge themselves in computer games and mobile game, and not develop the bad habit of staying up late or sleeping late, etc. Early discovery and active intervention can effectively control the progression of their disease, and most patients can be cured.
Regular health examinations should be performed on children. Examiners should first check whether patients have kidney and cardiovascular complications, and conduct further examinations on their blood glucose so as to distinguish the types of hypertension. If it is secondary hypertension, the key to treatment should be the control of primary disease. With the control of primary diseases and the combination of diets and exercises, the blood pressure of most pediatric patients can be lowered to normal levels.
Control of Calories and Weight
Overweight and obesity can increase blood pressure, so it is necessary to keep children's weight down.
Limit sodium intake
For high blood pressure in children, children should limit daily sodium consumption to 800 to 1000 milligrams (including seasoning and sodium from snacks).
and processed foods
Fast food and processed foods contain a lot of salt, trans fats and sugar. Evidence is growing, too, that eating too much fast food and processed foodscan lead to high blood pressure in children. So children must keep away from these foods.
Chocolate, Cream Biscuit
Chocolate, cream biscuits, cakes contain a lot of calories, these foods must be controlled.
Carbonated drinks contain a large amount of sugar, excessive sugar intake is associated with increased risk of obesity and high blood pressure.
Best foods for High Blood Pressure in Children
Tips:150 g of carrots contain 6.2 mg of carotene, which can meet most of the daily needs of children.
Foods that you cannot eat or eat less
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