Diet for high blood pressure and high uric acid (gout): Restrict intake of high-purine foods
Hypertension (High blood pressure) in elderly represent the largest population of hypertensive patients. More than half of hypertension in elderly mainly manifest elevations in systolic pressure (systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg), which is associated with their diminished elasticity of conducting arteries and reduced arterial compliance, thereby increasing pulse pressure (SBP - DBP). In addition, many hypertension in elderly present with some complications, and such organs as the heart, the brain and the kidney show injuries of varied degrees. Therefore, early, sustained and effect prevention and treatment of hypertension should be in place to avoid more injuries.
High blood pressure in elderly need to control their disease comprehensively, and there should not be any letup in their diets, exercise and medication.
The intake of calorie should be limited, maintaining ideal body weight.
Salt restriction, Salt intake should be strictly controlled, the daily salt intake should not exceed 3 grams, including seasoning and salt from snacks, for high blood pressure and heart failure in the elderly, the daily salt intake should not exceed 2 grams.
Limit fat intake, use less oil when cooking, you should try to use vegetable oil, less animal oil. You must avoid fried foods, choose food with low fat and low cholesterol for your dinner and supper, such as whole grain food, fish meat, low fat milk, etc.
Eat fresh vegetables and fruits that contain a lot of vitamin C and potassium in moderation, which actively work to keep blood pressure low.
Take in enough calcium, but not too much. The total amount of intake of calcium daily in patients can reach 1000 to 1200 mg.
Don't eat too much: Elderly patients experience diminished digestive function and excessive eating can result in dyspepsia. At the same time, excessive eating can move the diaphragms upward and affect the normal functions and activities of the heart and lungs.
Don't drink too much, excessive consumption of alcohol can lead to shrunk gastric mucosa in patients, and result in inflammation, bleeding and liver cirrhosis.
High blood pressure in elderly patients need to go to hospitals regularly for follow-up and reexaminations so as to detect whether there is a special fluctuation in their blood pressure.
Eat more vegetables and fruits:
The total amount of intake of vegetables daily can be about 400 g, which may be finished in 4 to 5 meals. Eat more fruits and vegetables to help reduce blood lipids, diuretic, lower blood pressure, while also reducing the sense of hunger.
Get plenty of exercise:
High blood pressure in elderly patients need to choose mild exercises, such as jogging and quick walking. The frequency of exercises is generally 3 to 5 times a week, with 30 to 60 minutes for each time.
Appropriate drinking of green tea:
The tea polyphenols in green tea has an important role in lowering blood fat and lowering blood pressure.
Don't eat too much:
Elderly patients experience diminished digestive function and excessive eating can result in dyspepsia, acute pancreatitis and gastroenteritis.
High sodium foods to avoid:
Sausage, ham sausage, ham, bacon, salt cod,etc.
The daily salt intake should not exceed 5 grams, or sodium intake should not exceed 2000 milligrams (One gram of salt contains about 400 milligrams of sodium), If you have high blood pressure you should get no more than 3 grams of salt per day.
Best foods for High Blood Pressure in Elderly
Foods that you cannot eat or eat less
Diet for high blood pressure in pregnancy:
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