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High Blood Pressure

Overview | Symptoms | Cause | Complications | Diagnosis | Treatment | Self-Management | Diet


High blood pressure is defined as the long-term and exceeding pressure of the blood against your vessel walls, which may cause health problems, such as stroke, heart disease (coronary heart disease), miocardial infarction, left ventricular hypertrophy), kidney disease (renal failure, uremia), etc.

Blood Pressure Goals
You should try your best to keep your blood pressure below your blood pressure goal. Your blood pressure goal is depend on your age and health.

If you have heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, your blood pressure goal might be less than 140/90 mmHg.

If you don't have any health problems, your blood pressure goal is depend on your age

Treatment plan

BP (mmHg)


120 - 139,  80 - 89

Lifestyle interventions

140 - 159,  90 - 99

Lifestyle interventions

>=160,  >=100

Lifestyle interventions, Medication

Many patients with high blood pressure have no symptoms, even if their blood pressure reached a very high level, but some patients may develop high blood pressure signs and symptoms, including:

The causes of high blood pressure is not exactly known, but many risk factors are linked to high blood pressure, including:

Complications: Dangers of High Blood Pressure
The damage of high blood pressure (hypertension) to internal organs occurs in a long process and high blood pressure can induce a series of complications, including:

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See also:
High blood pressure is a silent killer
Prevention of Low blood pressure (hypotension)
Your blood pressure might change throughout the year
Should patients take hypotensive before their return visits to doctor?
Drugs for complications of hypertension
How to Recognize Antihypertensive drugs Side Effects?
The Antihypertensive Characteristics of Antihypertensive Drugs and the Target People
Masked hypertension (high blood pressure)
Necessary Tests and Examination for People with high blood pressure
How do Hypertensive Patients Lower Blood Pressure Stably?
Blood pressure goals for elderly
The greater the pulse pressure is, the more risks there will be
Narrow the pulse pressure without non antihypertensive drug
Systolic hypertension in elderly (SBP > 160 mmHg, DBP < 90 mmHg)
Decreased systolic pressure can better indicate the actual effects of blood pressure control
Drugs for complications of hypertension in the elderly
Will Exceedingly Decreased Blood Pressure Lead to Stroke?

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