Most people with high blood pressure need to take drugs all their lives, and therefore, they are concerned about the side effects of antihypertensive drugs very much. Some people with high blood pressure stop taking drugs for concern about the side effects of antihypertensive drugs, and consequently, their blood pressure is not well controlled and even some accidents occur. So it is necessary to understand the side effects of antihypertensive drugs correctly.
Almost all antihypertensive drugs have side effects, while they may not occur necessarily in everyone. When patients take antihypertensive drugs, they need to know to which degree the side effects of antihypertensive drugs are, whether they have contraindications against such drugs, and then they should observe closely. And if corresponding side effects occur, they should go to hospital in time to ensure the safety of medication.
The common side effects of various types of antihypertensive drugs include:
Side effects of CCB (Calcium Channel Blockers)
It can activate nerves (reflex sympathetic) and thus cause accelerated heart beats, gingival hyperplasia, gingival edema, ankle edema, flushing and so on.
Side effects of ACEI (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor)
The most common side effect of such a drug is hacking cough, which mostly occurs in the early period of medication. Patients with mild symptoms can stick to the medication, whereas those who cannot tolerate it may switch to ARB (Angiotensin II receptor blockers).
Side effects of ARB (Angiotensin II receptor blockers)
ARB has few side effects, with occasional diarrhea being one of them. Long-term administration can elevate the plasma potassium, and therefore, attention should be paid to the changes in plasma potassium and creatinine level.
Side effects of Diuretics
The side effects of diuretics are closely associated with the dosage, so a small dosage is often adopted. Thiazine diuretics can cause hypopotassemia, and therefore, patients with long-term administration of such drugs should monitor their plasma potassium and supplement an appropriate amount of potassium.
Side effects of Beta blockers
The most common side effects are fatigue, limb cold, agitation, gastrointestinal discomfort, but also may affect the metabolism of glucose and lipid.
Should patients take hypotensive before their return visits to doctor?
Misunderstandings about the use of drugs for high blood pressure
Best Medication Time for High Blood Pressure
The Antihypertensive Characteristics of Antihypertensive Drugs and the Target People
High blood pressure changes during the day
Blood Pressure Monitoring
Control of Blood Pressure within the Normal Range
Masked hypertension (high blood pressure)
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